Pachystachys

Pachystachys

Generality

Small-medium sized shrub, Pachystachys is native to central-southern America; in nature it easily reaches 2-3 meters in height, while the specimens grown in pots are kept much smaller, not exceeding 30-60 cm in height, there are also dwarf or particularly compact varieties, which do not exceed 25- 30 cm. It has large evergreen leaves, dark green, wrinkled, lanceolate in shape; towards the end of winter at the apexes of the stems it produces particular panicles of yellow bracts, among which tubular flowers, of white or cream color, bloom. A very decorative flowering plant, it is generally used as a houseplant, although it is possible to plant it in the garden, cultivating it as an annual plant.


Exposure

When deciding to grow a plant, it is important to inquire about its growing needs. One of the first things to consider is exposure. Some plants prefer shady locations while others like the sun's rays and mild temperatures.
The pachystachys prefers very bright locations, even sunny, as long as it is gradually placed in direct sunlight, to avoid showy burns of the foliage. These plants have tropical origins, for this reason they need temperatures above 15 ° C to survive.


Watering and soil

From March to October, water fairly regularly, always waiting for the soil to dry before watering again; during the cold months we reduce the watering, trying to keep the soil mainly dry. During the vegetative period we supply some fertilizer for flowering plants, dissolved in the watering every 20-25 days. Every 2-3 days we spray water on the foliage, to increase the ambient humidity. A fundamental element to consider when deciding to cultivate a plant is the type of soil to prefer. The soil is in fact the main source of sustenance for the plant and for this reason it must have specific characteristics based on the plant you want to grow. The Pachystachys prefers soft and very humus-rich soils, with good drainage; let's remember to repot these plants every year in autumn.


Multiplication

Multiplying our plants can be a real satisfaction for gardening enthusiasts! The multiplication of this plant occurs by seed, in spring, or by cutting in summer, using the tips of the stems. When the first shoots begin to appear, it is necessary to start watering regularly. After a few weeks, change the container and opt for single pots of about 10 cm. To avoid unbalanced plant growth, prune in spring to give the pachystachys a defined shape.


Pachystachys: Parasites and diseases

Mites and aphids can ruin the leaves and flowers of the plant. In addition, also pay attention to watering. Too high amounts of water during the winter season could cause water stagnation and the death of the plant itself. Conversely, if watering is too scarce, the leaves may change color and turn yellow.


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