Dry flower drying techniques
There are various drying techniques, some of which are more suitable for certain types of plants / flowers.
In relation to the type of flower, in fact, the techniques for obtaining dried flowers vary between them; for some varieties it is possible to proceed by arranging bunches to hang upside down in an airy and sheltered environment, away from the sun's rays to prevent the colors of dried flowers from losing their intensity. This type of technique is recommended for spring herbs, for dried flowers such as roses, to name a few.
For other types, however, it is advisable to resort to the help of drying products, such as sand, especially for varieties with open petals, such as dahlias or peonies.
It is good to remember that the more fragile varieties must be hung upside down, while the spikes can be arranged on a plane and the larger flowers instead must remain straight.
As mentioned in the previous paragraph, to obtain splendid dried roses it may be sufficient to resort to the most ancient techniques, undoubtedly the most appropriate method is in fact air drying. You simply have to worry about placing the flowers in a dry and airy environment, away from sources of heat and light. Roses should be gathered in bunches and hung upside down, so as to keep the shape of the bud in the best possible way.
Techniques for dried flowers
For varieties such as lavender and mosses it is better to resort to drying on a surface, which can be made of cardboard, newsprint, or using a wooden board. Vegetables must be arranged in such a way as to allow air to circulate freely between them, avoiding unnecessary piles. To speed up the drying of the mosses, it may be useful to form the surface, on which they will be placed, with several sheets of newsprint.
The pine cones, generally, are already quite dry when they fall from the plant; however they may have absorbed moisture once they fell to the ground, therefore, placing them on a surface helps to eliminate any residual moisture stains.
Dry flower drying techniques: Drying in an upright position
This technique is recommended for mimosas, heather and gypsophila. These vegetables must be placed in a vase with water, sufficiently spaced from each other; in this way, the stems will gradually absorb the water avoiding the curling of the leaves and the fading of the colors, which often occurs following dehydration. The vertical position is also suitable for sea lavender and marsh reeds; unlike what was said above, these plant species do not require water for drying; dehydration is in fact spontaneous.
If the plants to be dried have a heavy or large upper part (consisting for example of buds, berries, ...) it is necessary to use a grid that allows you to insert the petiole or the stem in the holes, so that the fruit / flower remains in the upper part of the grid, leaning and not falling back, so that it remains straight. This technique is useful for corn on the cob, thistles, artichokes, ....
If desiccants are used, the process will take a few days to complete.