Vine pruning

Vine pruning


The vine is a shrubby plant of the genus Vitacee. The best known type of vine is the one that will produce the grapes from which the wine will then be obtained. This is a plant classified as a creeper which therefore can only grow with the support of something, such as a gazebo or a pergola. The vine will produce, during its growth, very developed roots, which can reach ten meters. As a fruit, the vine will always give berries, which are called berries, grouped in clusters, which can have variable color. Its fruits besides being used for the production of wines can have herbal effects, for example the juice of the berries can be used to moisturize and nourish dry skin, while its dried leaves have astringent power and the fresh leaves can be used for relieve the burns of skin diseases.

The period for pruning the vine

Pruning is given by a set of modifications by eliminating parts of a plant to favor its future development. We have three ideal periods for pruning the vine, in order to make it grow luxuriantly and to make it produce more fruit later, and each of these periods will allow you to change the normal behavior of the plant. One of the periods in which pruning can be carried out is in late spring, if you want to delay the appearance of the shoots especially to prevent them from being ruined with spring frosts, or after harvest, to reduce the accumulation of reserve substances. Finally, it can also be implemented in late autumn or early winter, this is the most suitable type of pruning for southern climates, for old vines and for late vines, which serves to anticipate budding.

The table vine

The table vine differs from the wine vine because in the former the fruits are sweeter, have a thinner skin and a more compact pulp. Table vines must be planted in a place fully exposed to sunlight, as this is essential for the plant to grow and thrive; these can also be grown in pots about fifty centimeters deep, to allow the development of large roots. The most suitable places for the cultivation of this plant are the espalier, the counter-espalier and the pergola. Irrigation is essential for the proper growth of the berries and must be done with quantities of water that increase each time after flowering. The pruning of this type of vine is preferable in late autumn or in winter, since in the germination season, cuts are produced which without winter pruning would produce an excess of sap.

Vine pruning: The pergola vine

The vine pergola, in addition to producing fruits that can be used to cool off in the summer season and to produce wine, are also excellent for shielding a balcony or terrace from the sun's rays without sacrificing aesthetics. To build one you must have a suitable pergola, with simple wooden planks parallel to each other to allow the plant to grow without problems. Among the various types of vines that can be adapted to pergolas, those with large and thick leaves are the best because they grow more easily and therefore need less attention; this does not mean that if exposed to factors that can ruin the crops (such as excessive humidity) not even these will resist. As far as pruning is concerned, this is always indicated at the end of autumn, and exposure to sunlight is essential for correct growth.

Video: Cane Pruning